Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.

Population (2014 est) – 30,147,935
Area – 798,500mi
Capital – Lima

Ethnic Background 

  • Amerindian – 45% 
  • Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and White) – 37%
  • White – 15%
  • Other – 3%

Exports - copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys
Imports - petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, color TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines

Life Expectancy (2014 est) – M 71 years, F 75 years
Infant Mortality (2014 est) - 20.21 deaths/1,000 live births

Adult Illiteracy Rate – 10.4%