A Picture of the Human Rights Situation in the Philippines

A Picture of the Human Rights Situation in the Philippines

On Political Killings and Disappearances

On Political Killings and DisappearancesThe present human rights situation in the Philippines worsened as the Arroyo government, beset with a severe economic and political crisis, intensified its repression and use of state terror against the people and the opposition. The number of human rights violations in 2005 was the highest ever recorded since the Marcos dictatorship. The human rights organization KARAPATAN documented 874 cases of human rights violations with 99,011 individual victims from January to November 30, 2005. The violations affected 14,302 families in 288 communities.

There were 179 victims of politically motivated killings compared with 63 victims in 2004. This number does not include 52 victims who survived assassination attempts. There were 46 victims of abductions/forced disappearances in 2005 (151 reported by KARAPATAN since Arroyo became president).

Targeting of Leaders and Members of the Legal Democratic Movement

Progressive organizations fielded candidates in the 2001 national elections under the political party Bayan Muna (People First). It received the most number of votes under the partylist system and was able to win three (3) seats in Congress (Parliament). In the 2004 national elections, more progressive candidates were fielded. Bayan Muna, Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) and Grabriela Women’s Party won six (6) seats in Congress despite moves by National Security Adviser Norberto Gonzales to get them removed from the partylist, vicious anti-communist propaganda, outright harassment and terrorism by the military and police against their supporters, and rampant cheating of their votes.
This represents the effort of the legal democratic left to participate in parliamentary elections.

Of the 179 cases of politically motivated killings recorded in 2005, 67 were political activists. They were leaders (regional or provincial coordinators), members or supporters of Bayan Muna, Anakpawis and people’s organizations. Anakpawis suffered the highest number of casualties
with 33 killed. Bayan Muna came next with 30 killed. In addition, five (5) members of Anakpawis and three (3) members of Bayan Muna are still disappeared.

Two local party headquarters of Bayan Muna were set on fire. Local leaders of progressive partylist groups were harassed, illegally detained and threatened. This pattern of violence is a desperate and systematic effort to silence and annihilate the Left: the most vocal critics of the Arroyo government.

Of the 179 killed and 46 disappeared, many were known professionals, performing their duties as local government officials, lawyers, journalists, human rights activists and church workers.

Sixty six of those killed and 37 disappeared were ordinary civilians, mostly peasants, labeled by the military as relatives, sympathizers or supporters of communist or Muslim rebels. Among the 66 were two (2) fetuses in the womb of women who were murdered.

Of the 179 killed, 26 were Muslim prisoners accused of being Abu Sayyaf members. They were killed when prison guards, police and the military stormed a detention camp in Manila during a prison disturbance.

Supressing the Truth

Journalists exposing military and police abuses, graft and corruption and involvement of government officials with criminal syndicates are also targets. The National Union of Journalists reported that seven journalists or media practitioners were killed last year.

Human rights workers, including staffers of KARAPATAN, documenting military and police violations of human rights have also been targeted, as well as lawyers, church workers and elected local officials who support people’s organizations fighting for their rights, such as indigenous
peoples and environmental groups. Among the 179 victims are one (1) human rights worker , three (3) church workers , seven (7) human rights lawyers and three (3) elected local government officials . In almost all instances, the military misrepresents the victims or their organizations as “terrorists”, communists, rebel sympathizers or ‘enemies of the state’ to justify the violent attacks.

Pattern of Assassinations

Except for the 26 Muslim prisoners and the massacre of peasants in Palo, Leyte, most if not all of the victims were killed by two motorcycle-riding men wearing helmets or masks riding in tandem with support from other motorcycle-riding men.

The pattern of assassinations is the same nationwide with known activists of legal left organizations as victims. The killings also happen in spurts over a one-to-two-month period followed by a lull of
two-to-three-months, then the killing spree resume, showing that these are centrally directed with chosen targets, specific places and timetables.

Promoting Perpetrators of Human Rights Violations

The violent attacks are committed with impunity, sometimes near or close to military or police detachments, with no police investigations carried out, and no perpetrators arrested or brought to justice. In fact, the suspected perpetrators are even promoted.

General Jovito Palaparan is a case in point. He first gained notoriety as the “butcher of Mindoro” in April 2003 after the torture and summary executions of Eden Marcellana, KARAPATAN’s Southern Tagalog regional coordinator, and Eddie Gumanoy, a peasant leader.During his stint as head of the 204th IB in Oriental Mindoro from the latter part of 2001 till May 2003, KARAPATAN recorded 27 activists and ordinary civilians killed. At that time Palparan was still a colonel.
Previous to Oriental Mindoro, he was head of Task Force Banahaw which covers Rizal and Laguna Provinces. During his stint, KARAPATAN recorded 61 cases of human rights violations, including the killing of civilians and a five-year old boy.

Despite strong objections by people’s organizations and some senators and congressmen for violations of human rights, Palparan was promoted to Brig. General by President Arroyo and awarded the Presidential Citation for Valor in May 2003. He was subsequently sent to head the Philippine contingent in Iraq in January 2004.

With the withdrawal of Philippine troops from Iraq in August 2004, Palparan was promoted to Major General in October 2004. From February to August 2005, he was head of the 8th IB in Eastern Visayas. From September 2005 to the present, Palparan has been head of the 2nd ID in Central Luzon. Of the 179 summarily executed last year, 31 were from Eastern Visayas and 52 from Central Luzon. Most of the victims were killed while Palparan was the commanding officer in those regions. In addition to the 31 killed in Eastern Visayas, 32 were disappeared during his stint there, while seven (7) were disappeared in Central Luzon. .

The modus operandi of Palparan is setting up death squads that commit brazen assassinations and forcible abduction of victims, wearing helmets or ski-masks and riding motorcycles or unmarked vans, and sometimes killing or abducting the victims in their own homes before their spouses
and children. Not only are these tactics reminiscent of the Marcos years, but also of the time in 1986-88 when leaders of people’s organizations, human rights lawyers and candidates of Partido ng Bayan, the left political party established after martial law, were being killed by motorcycle-riding men. At that time, Gen Eduardo Ermita was Chief of Operations of the Armed Forces of the
Philippines (AFP).

Laying the Foundation for Dictatorship

The political killings and disappearances of activists have been brought to the attention of the highest officials of the land. In his testimony before the the Citizens’ Congress for Truth and Accountability (CCTA), presided over by former Vice-President Teopisto Guingona, Rep. Satur
Ocampo of Bayan Muna, Chairman of the House Special Committee on Peace, Unity and Reconciliation and a Senior Member of the House Committee on Human, Civil and Political Rights, testified that from January 2002 to August 2005, he has had six occasions to inform President Arroyo personally and by phone, in Malacanang Palace and elsewhere, alone or in the presence of other officials and partylist representatives, of the escalating violations of human rights in the country, especially against his own partylist leaders and members, and to ask her to act in order to
put a stop to the killings and violations.

On these occasions, Rep. Ocampo said that President Arroyo “appeared cold and indifferent, just looking at me and nodding her head”. Up to now, President Arroyo has not taken any action to put a stop to the killings. She has not even issued a statement to look into the killings and disappearances. This inaction on the part of the executive has emboldened her military minions to escalate the killings. Thus, in the month of January 2006 alone, six political activists have already been summarily executed in different regions of the country.

On the contrary, President Arroyo has issued several Executive Orders (EO) that virtually lay the groundwork for a dictatorship. Using a repressive law by Marcos (Batas Pambansa 880), President Arroyo adopted the policy of so-called “calibrated preemptive response” against rallies that is meant to suppress protest actions and curtail freedom of assembly. She issued EO 464 that prevents government officials and employees to appear before congressional hearings without her
approval. She asked her Secretary of Justice to draft an order on emergency rule (EO 467). She is also pushing Congress to pass an anti-terrorism bill harsher than the Homeland Security Act of Bush, and to adopt into law her executive order (EO 420) on National Identification System.
Continuing Resistance by the People

The intensifying political repression has engendered growing resistance against not only against the repression itself but also against the anti-people neo-liberal policies, the corruption and election cheating of the current administration, particularly against Mrs. Arroyo and her
cohorts in government and the military.

The progressive representatives of Bayan Muna, Anakpawis and Gabriela Women’s Party continue to uphold the people’s interest in Congress. People’s organizations such as BAYAN, Kilusang MayoUno (KMU), the biggest and most progressive trade union federation, and the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP), the biggest peasant union, stand firm in
pushing for the national and democratic aspirations of the people.

The broad mass movement is growing with elements from the political opposition, such as Mrs. Corazon Aquino, the former president, the churches, such as the National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) and the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP),
civil society groups, the military, and the masses, all coming together in coordinated mass actions and calling for Mrs. Arroyo to step down from the presidency.

The use of state terror and repression has not dampened the people’s will to fight for justice and democracy.

Names of victims of killing: (regional location/date of incident/name of victims/organisation)

1. CL/11-Jan-05/Pablito Ignacio/member of Bayan Muna-Bulacan

2. CV/13-Jan-05/Eusebio Polahon/member of Ang Dating Daan

3. CL/25-Jan-05/Felino Briones/resident of Sitio Abot, Brgy. Bantog, Victoria, Tarlac City

4. CL/25-Jan-05/Jaime Fitero/resident of Sitio Abot, Brgy. Bantog, Victoria, Tarlac City

5. ARMM/1-Feb-05/Tal Padiwan/resident-Kapuk Punggul, Sitio Baunuice, Maimbung, Sulu

6. ARMM/1-Feb-05/Sidang Padiwan/resident-Kapuk Punggul, Sitio Baunuice, Maimbung, Sulu

7. ARMM/1-Feb-05/Aldasir Padiwan/resident-Kapuk Punggul, Sitio Baunuice, Maimbung, Sulu

8. ARMM/1-Feb-05/Salip Faisal Salim/resident-Kapuk Punggul, Sitio Baunuice,
Maimbung, Sulu

9. CL/1-Feb-05/Noel Garcia Aguman/Maglalautang de Capampangan

10. CL/1-Feb-05/Loyloy Garcia/Aguman Maglalautang de Capampangan

11. ST/5-Feb-05/Ronnie Almoete/Bayan Muna /UP
12. ST/5-Feb-05/Abe Sungit/KARAPATAN

13. NMR/8-Feb-05/Franklin Bulane

14. NMR/8-Feb-05/Parilla Bulane

15. NMR/8-Feb-05/Promencio Bulane

16. CL/16-Feb-05/Rodrigo Lampa/Aguman Maglalautang de Capampangan

17. CL/16-Feb-05/Chrispin Amazona/Member-Anakpawis Dingalan, Aurora

18. CL/18-Feb-05/Renato Espino/Aguman Maglalautang de Capampangan

19. CL/20-Feb-05/Rodel Pelayo/Central Luzon Aetas Association (CLAA)

20. CL/25-Feb-05/JR Villena

21. CL/20-Feb-05/Joey Abraham/Central Luzon Aetas Association (CLAA)

22. BIKOL/28-Feb-05/Rafael Marcaida/peasant and
janitor-Sorsogon State college

23. ST/28-Feb-05/Linda Pinar/peasant

24. ST/28-Feb-05/Romeo Pinar/peasant

25. XI/5-Feb-05/Atty. Reuel
Dalguntas/IBP Davao del Norte

26. X1/5-Feb-05/Garry Hopilena/nephew of Reuel

27. NCR/9-Feb-05/Robert Neyra/driver of lawyer A Cabalida

28. 2-Feb-05/Edgar Amoro/Freelance broadcaster

29. 28-Feb-05/Arnulfo Villanueva/Asian Star Express Balita

30. ST/9-Feb-05/Teresita Vidamo/PAO, Las Piñas

31. CL/3-Mar-05/Abelardo R. Ladera/Bayan Muna-Tarlac, city councilor

32. EV/8-Mar-05/Emiliano Nardo/BDFA and API-KA

33. ICR/9-Mar-05/Romeo “Romy” Sanchez/Regional Coordinator/Bayan Muna-Ilocos, Secretary
General-Bayan Ilocos

34. BIKOL/10-Mar-05/Ernesto Bang/Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas-Camarines Norte

35. Bikol/12-Mar-05/Jose Guiriba/Anakpawis-Sorsogon

36. CL/13-Mar-05/Fr. William Tadena/Iglesia Filipina de Indepiendente -Tarlac

37. EV/14-Mar-05/Atty. Felidito C. Dacut/BM, IBP-Leyte

38. EV/14-Mar-05/Marvin Montabon/resident

39. EV/15-Mar-05/Benedicto Mabini

40. NCR/15-Mar-05/Ahmad Kim Pael/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 41.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Hadji Ahmad Upao/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 42.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Hasbie Dae/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 43.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Ibnohasser Hagassi/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 44. NCR/15-Mar-05/Ammad
Sahiron/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 45. NCR/15-Mar-05/Ibrahim Hamie
Joe/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 46. NCR/15-Mar-05/Gafaar
Mundi/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 47. NCR/15-Mar-05/Badran
Abdulhamid/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 48. NCR/15-Mar-05/Ahmad Arawangsa/detainee-suspected Abu
Sayyaf 49. NCR/15-Mar-05/Muhaiser Tilao/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf
50. NCR/15-Mar-05/Amil Ulla/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 51.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Maorin Mubasarin/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 52.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Muktar Abukhair/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 53. NCR/15-Mar-05/Burham
Hadji/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 54. NCR/15-Mar-05/Alhamser Manatad
Limbong/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 55. NCR/15-Mar-05/Nadzmie
Sabdulla/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 56. NCR/15-Mar-05/Galib
Andang/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 57. NCR/15-Mar-05/Abdulrasid Lim/detainee-suspected
Abu Sayyaf 58. NCR/15-Mar-05/Almasui Mawadi/detainee-suspected Abu
Sayyaf 59. NCR/15-Mar-05/Jalal Ampaso/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 60.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Almodi Tarabangsa/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 61.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Nassier Jay Impal/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 62.
NCR/15-Mar-05/Jolo Patarasa/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 63. NCR/15-Mar-05/Amin
Kashim/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 64. NCR/15-Mar-05/Ibno
Mubarak/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 65. NCR/15-Mar-05/Piga Edcel Tomas
Manuel/detainee-suspected Abu Sayyaf 66. BIKOL/16-Mar-05/Joel Toliao
Reyes/Anakpawis member 67. CenViz/16-Mar-05/Henry Flores Member-Anakpawis 68.
CL/17-Mar-05/Victor Concepcion/AMC-SecGen 69. /9-Mar-05/Marlene Garcia
Esperat/The Midland Review 70. EV/9-Apr-05/Norberto Cabigayan/Member, Bayan
Muna 71. EV/11-Apr-05/Sammy Dote/Laborer-Catbalogan Municipal Hall,
member-COURAGE 72. ST/11-Apr-05/Hablito Solina/People’s Missionary Church
73. ST/11-Apr-05/Elner Solina/Resident of Brgy.San Rafael, Rodriguez,
Rizal 74. Negros/13-Apr-05/Manuel Bargamento/Organizer-Negros Federation
of Sugar workers 75. EV/15-Apr-05/Alfredo
Davis/BM-Municipal/Coordinator, UCCP Samar 76. EV/15-Apr-05/Iñigo Bacarra/resident 77.
Negros/17-Apr-05/Renante Alesna/Member, KMP 78. ST/18-Apr-05/Noli
Jusi/Councilor-Brgy.Salvacion, Agdangan, Quezon 79. ST/18-Apr-05/Jayson Baratina/worker &
resident of Brgy. Ibabang Kinagunan, Agdangan, Quezon 80.
ST/18-Apr-05/Megalito Rivera/worker & resident of Brgy. Ibabang Kinagunan, Agdangan,
Quezon 81. EV/21-Apr-05/Ernesto Pacayra/resident 82.
BIKOL/25-Apr-05/Delio Apolinar/Bayan Muna-Pamplona, Camarines Sur 83. EV/28-Apr-05/Noli
Labado/resident 84. EV/1-May-05/Vencio Fabillar/suspected NPA 85.
EV/3-May-05/Bienvinido Baclayon/farmer 86. EV/3-May-05/Ruben de Guia 87.
EV/4-May-05/Certain Gerardo 88. CL/8-May-05/Atty. Ambrocio Matias/AP
Municipal Coordinator-NE, AMGL Counsel 89. CL/8-May-05/Leonard Matias/Law
Student 90. EV/12-May-05/Alfredo Malinao/Member, KAMAS Local Peasant Org
at San Isidro, Leyte 91. EV/12-May-05/Rev. Edison Lapuz/UCCP,
Chairperson, Katungod Sinirangan Bisayas, Former BM Coordinator 92.
CARAGA/12-May-05/Jessie Bacasmas/Lumad 93. BIKOL/20-May-05/Eddie
Dimaano/Dampa-Kilusang Magbubukid ng
Pilipinas(KMP) TAMBO, Pamplona Chapter, Bayan Muna Coordinator-Pamplona

94. 4-May-05/Klein Cantoneros/DXAA-FM / Dipolog City 95.
10-May-05/Philip Agustin/Starline Times Recorder 96. EV/4-Jun-05/Chito
Pacalan/resident 97. EV/10-Jun-05/Joel Basada 98. Negros/10-Jun-05/Mario
Fernandez/Negros Federation of Sugar Workers 99. Negros/13-Jun-05/Manuel
Batolina/Negros Federation of Sugar Workers 100. 3-Jul-05/Rolando
Morales/DWMD-Radio Mindanao Network 101. EV/3-Jul-05/Jeric Barbas 102.
EV/3-Jul-05/Alrico Barbas Sr./Anakpawis Member 103. Negros /6-Jul-05/Antonio
Pantonial/Negros Federation of Sugar Workers 104. NL/6-Jul-05/Adolfo
Aquino/Bayan Muna-Pangasinan 105. Negros/13-Jul-05/Usting Bantillan/Negros
Federation of Sugar Workers 106. EV/16-Jul-05/Constancio Calubid 107.
CL/17-Jul-05/Nilo Bayas/Vice-Chairman, Samahan ng Mag-uuling sa Sapang Bulak,
Dona Remedios Trinidad, Bulacan 108. ST/20-Aug-05/Rev. Raul Y.
Domingo/Bayan Muna Palawan ;Karapatan-Palawan 109. ST/29-Aug-05/Boker Tagumpay
110. EV/1-Sep-05/Atty. Norman Bocar/BM 111. EV/1-Sep-05/Ryan
Cabrigas/employee-Samar Electric Cooperative II (SAMELCO II).
112. EV/1-Sep-05/Benedicto Gabon/employee-Samar Electric Cooperative II
113. EV/1-Sep-05/Engr.Dalmacio Cepeda/employee-Samar Electric
Cooperative II (SAMELCO II).
114. EV/2-Sep-05/Jolito Tobino/resident of Brgy. Bagacay, Palapag,
Northern Samar 115. NCR/5-Sep-06/Victor Padilla 116. NCR/13-Sep-05/Dante
Teotino 117. CL/13-Sep-05/Leodegario M. Punzal /Local Leader-Anakpawis
Norzagaray, Bulacan 118. ST/18-Sep-05/Elpidio Versamina 119.
ST/22-Sep-05/Diosdado Fortuna/AP, UFE, Nestle Worker’s Union 120. CL/24-Sep-05/Jose
Levimar Rieza/Sitio Kinahigan, Brgy.Tala, Orani, Bataan 121.
NCR/23-Sep-05/Judge Estrellita Paas/RTC Pasay 122. CAR/5-Sep-05/Eugenia
Campo/Abra 123. CL/25-Sep-05/Roman Friolo/resident of Purok 3, Brgy. Cordero,
Lupao, Nueva Ecija 124. CL/27-Sep-05/Mario Tuvera/Resident of Sitio
Balayang, Brgy.Pag-asa, Orani, Bataan 125. CARAGA/30-Sep-05/Victoria P.
Samonte/Regional Vice Chairperson Kilusang Mayo Uno-CARAGA,
President-Andres Soriano College Employees Union 126. CL/1-Oct-05/Jimmy
Legaspi/President, Union BOD Sierra Madre Bus Line Co.
127. CL/1-Oct-05/Edmer Rufino/Resident of Brgy.Tala, Orani, Bataan 128.
CL/2-Oct-05/Armando Javier Anakpawis 129. CL/2-Oct-05/Priscilla
Esteban/Bayan Muna Local Leader-Brgy Lennec, Guimba, Nueva Ecija 130.
CL/7-Oct-05/Rolando Mariano/Member, Bayan Muna,Former President, Tarlac
Electric Company Employees Union (TARELCO-EU) 131. ST/11-Oct-05/Ponciano
Silva/Anakpawis Local Leader-Unisan, Quezon 132. CL/15-Oct-05/Florante
Collantes/Secretary General-Bayan Muna-Tarlac 133. NCR/15-Oct-05/Ramon
Namuro/Staff, AJODOM-PISTON 134. CL/18-Oct-05/Luis Caresma peasant 135.
CL/20-Oct-05/Tito Macabitos/Bayan Muna Local Leader 136.
CL/24-Oct-05/Rodante Bautista/Bayan Muna-La Paz, Tarlac 137. CL/25-Oct-05/Ricardo
Ramos/Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union (CATLU) 138.
BIKOL/26-Oct-05/Jesus Lombo, Jr./Member-Bicol Coconut Planters Association, Inc.-KMP 139.
CL/26-Oct-05/Pederico de Leon/Anakpawis PartyList BTODA 140.
CL/26-Oct-05/Francisco Rivera/Bayan Muna-Pampanga 141. CL/26-Oct-05/Angel
David/Resident of Angeles City, Pampanga 142. CL/26-Oct-05/Nemesio
Maniti/Resident of Angeles City, Pampanga 143. CL/7-Nov-05/Ernesto Nabia, Sr.
/peasant, charcoal producer 144. EV/7-Nov-05/Jose Ducalang/Bayan Muna
Coordinator-Ormoc City 145. CL/13-Nov-05/Diego Dagul/Igorot Farmers-Nueva
Viscaya 146. CL/13-Nov-05/Mackol Atin-an/Igorot Farmers-Nueva Viscaya
147. EV/13-Nov-05/Bienvenido Bajado/Council Member of BAYAN Eastern
Visayas; Sec Gen. BAYAN Eastern Samar; Council member Katungod
(Karapatan)-Eastern Samar and the former Vice-Mayor of Maydolong, Eastern Samar who
ran under Bayan Muna in 2001 148. CL/18-Nov-05/Felix Domingo/peasant
149. BIKOL/18-Nov-05/Ricardo Uy/Member, MANINDUGAN (a human rights
alliance in Sorsogon, Philippines), Chairperson, Bayan Muna – Sorsogon City
Chapter, President, SIMRI (Sorsogon Independent Media Reporters,
Incorporated), Convenor, POWER (People Opposed to Warrantless Electricity
Rates) 150. CL/19-Nov-05/Errol Sending/Bayan Muna-Pampanga 151.
CL/20-Nov-05/Danilo Supeña/peasant and resident of Maloma, Zambales 152.
CL/20-Nov-05/Marivel T. Supeña/Former Member, League of Filipino students in
Central Luzon State University 153. CL/20-Nov-05 /4 month fetus Supeña 154.
ST/20-Nov-05/Robert Ramos /Katapat, Laguna 155. CL/21-Nov-05/Rommel
Arcilla/PELCO 156. EV/21-Nov-05 /Bernabe Burra Jr y Barbosa San Agustin
157. EV/21-Nov-05/Eric Nogal y Selada 158. EV/21-Nov-05/Roel Obejas y
Lacaba 159. EV/21-Nov-05/Reynaldo Tante 160. EV/21-Nov-05/Gerry
Almerino/BM Leyte 161. EV/21-Nov-05/Eufemia Burra y Barbosa 162. EV/21-Nov-05
/Alma Bartoline/BM Leyte 163. EV/21-Nov-05/Baby Bartoline 164.
EV/21-Nov-05/Mark Bonsa 165. CL/21-Nov-05/Celestino Illescas 166.
ST/27-Nov-05/Esmedio Manongsong

167. ICR/28-Nov-05/Jose Manegdeg III/Regional coordinator, Rural Missionaries of the Philippines-Ilocos and Cordillera, BM Ilocos Sur

168. ICR/29-Nov-05/Albert Terredano/BM, President, DAR Employees Association -ABRA, Volunteer, Cordillera Indigenous Peoples’ Legal Center, former staff, TFDP-Abra

169. WMR/6-Dec-05/Junico Salem (Junie
Jacosalem)/UCCP Member of Calaran, Mispa Worker, Member-Bayan Muna
Calamba, Misamis Occidental

170. CL/Cathy Alcantara 171.
BIKOL/11-Dec-05/Renante Ladim 172. BIKOL/11-Dec-05/Maritess Gaton 173. CL/13-Dec-05/Alfredo
Manaol Jr./Chairman, AMB 174. CL/15-Dec-05/Victorina Gomez/Brgy.
Chairperson, Brgy. Parian Mexico, Pampanga/BM leader 175. CL/15-Dec-05/Romeo
Atienza/Brgy. Kagawad, Brgy. Parian Mexico, Pampanga 176.
CL/16-Dec-05/Jes Alcantara/Former Municipal Coordinator-Bayan Muna, Secretary
General, TODA Federation 177. CenViz/28-Dec-05/Allan Villavicencio/Chairman,
NAMACA -Brgy.Caridad, Tuburan, Cebu, Barrio Coordinator, Bayan Muna
178. ST/31-Dec-05/Judge Henrick Guingoyon 179. CL/Artemio Carmen
Sr./baranngay captain-Tarlac

“KARAPATAN reported at least 7 human rights workers killed in 2005.
Three of them were listed as church workers (Fr. William Tadena, Rev.
Edison Lapuz and Rev. Raul Domingo) while two were Bayan Muna members
(Atty. Felidito Dacut and journalist Ricardo Uy) while one was regional
coordinator of Anakpawis (Atty. Ambrosio Matias).

PCPR reported 7 church workers killed in 2005. KARAPATAN volunteer Abe
Sungit, and Alfredo Davis, Rev Raul Domingo, Junico Halem and Jose
Manegdeg of Bayan Muna were included in the report
CODAL reported seven human rights lawyers killed in 2005. Atty. Felidito Dacut and Atty. Norman
Bocar of Bayan Muna; and Atty. Ambrosio Matias of Anakpawis were also
human rights lawyers.

Three other elected government officials were listed under Bayan Muna
victims. Abelardo Ladera: lawyer Abelardo Ladera was a councillor of
Tarlac City; Victorina Gomez was Brgy. Chairperson of Brgy. Parian; and
Bienvenido Bajado was the former Vice-Mayor of Maydolong, Eastern Samar
who ran under Bayan Muna in 2001″

Names of abducted victims: (Regional location/Date of Incident/Name of

1. CL/25-Jan-05/Richard Collado/peasant
2. CV/16-Jan-05/Eusebio Polahon/member of Ang Dating Daan 3.
CL/11-Feb-05/Esteban Pastor/member of Bayan Muna Aurora 4. CL/17-Feb-05/Roger
Viray/Vice-President, PAMALAKAYA Bulacan 5. CL/17-Feb-05/Sergio
Viray/Member of PAMALAKAYA Bulacan 6. CL/3-Mar-05/Danilo Macapagal/Coordinator of
BAYAN MUNA-Nueva Ecija, Former Secretary General, BAYAN-Nueva Ecija 7.
EV/7-Mar-05/Sixto Montabon Sr./resident of Brgy.Palencia, Tarangnan,
Samar 8. ST/12-Mar-05/Jose Sinad Nayong/Member of SIBAT-indigenous
people’s organization 9. ST/13-Mar-05/Arthur Aguilar/Security Guard and
former activist in Mindoro 10. EV/30-Mar-05/Patricio Abalos/resident of
Purok 2, Brgy.Guindapunan, Catbalogan, Samar 11. EV/31-Mar-05/Noni
Fabella/resident of Brgy.13, Catbalogan, Samar 12. EV/31-Mar-05/Rina Balais
Fabella/member of Advocates for Women’s Actions, Rights and Empowerment
(AWARE) 13. EV/31-Mar-05/Liza Fabella/resident of Brgy.13, Catbalogan,
Samar 14. EV/31-Mar-05/Marissa Fabella/resident of Brgy.13, Catbalogan,
Samar 15. EV/31-Mar-05/Charisse Fabella/resident of Brgy.13, Catbalogan,
Samar 16. EV/31-Mar-05/Kulot Fabella/resident of Brgy.13, Catbalogan,
Samar 17. EV/2-Apr-05/Alfredo Labong 18. EV/5-Apr-05/Sonny
Quebada/resident of Brgy.San Andres, Catbalogan,Samar 19. EV/12-Apr-05/Oscar
Cabacang/Anakpawis/Provincial Coordinator-Catbalogan, Samar 20.
EV/22-Apr-05/Narciso Parani/resident of Brgy. Sinantan, Calbayog, Samar 21.
EV/22-Apr-05/Jovito Velazco/resident of Brgy. Sinantan, Calbayog, Samar 22.
EV/22-Apr-05/Vedasto Mabini/resident of Brgy. Alejandria, Jiabong, Samar
23. EV/23-Apr-05/Alejo Saludario/resident of Brgy.Mabini, Catarman,
Northern Samar 24. CL/24-Apr-05/Bernie Santos/resident of Sitio
Pangarayunan, Brgy.Balaong, San Miguel,Bulacan 25. EV/27-Apr-05/Mr.
Mabilangan/Brgy.Chairman of Brgy.Cambais, Motiong, Samar 26.
EV/27-Apr-05/Mrs.Mabilangan/resident of Brgy. Alejandria, Jiabong, Samar 27. EV/3-May-05/Certain
Poldo/resident of Brgy.Nawi, Paranas, Samar 28. EV/3-May-05/Amy
Cabarles/employee of Samar Provincial Supply Office, Catbalogan, Samar 29.
EV/3-May-05/Certain Ejercito/employee,Samar Provincial Supply Office,
Catbalogan, Samar 30. EV/7-May-05/Roberto Babas/Brgy.Chairman of Brgy.Biri,
Calbiga, Samar 31. NMR/7-May-05/Joel Amahan 32. NMR/7-May-05/Lolong
Casil 33. NMR/7-May-05/Lowi Casil 34. NMR/7-May-05/Arnulf Casil 35.
EV/21-May-05/Noel Labong/ resident of Brgy. Concepcion, Paranas, Samar 36.
EV/21-May-05/Rogelio Ladisa/ resident of Brgy. Concepcion, Paranas, Samar
37. EV/21-May-05/Paquito Ladisa/ resident of Brgy. Concepcion, Paranas,
Samar 38. EV/22-May-05/Lilencio Edosma/resident and peasant of Brgy.
Calapi, Motiong, Western Samar
39. EV/30-May-05/Liklik Cabigayan/resident of Sitio Lourdes, Brgy.Old
Manunka, Sta.Rita, Samar 40. EV/6-Jun-05/Alberto Mabag/resident and
farmer of Brgy. Polangi, Calbiga, Western Samar 41. EV/16-Jun-05/Emelito
Ocenar/resident of Brgy.Parasanon, Pinabacdao, Samar 42.
EV/25-Sep-05/Julius Termo/resident of Brgy. Makatingog, Oquendo Dist., Calbayog City
43. EV/25-Sep-05/Naldito Centino/resident of Brgy. Makatingog, Oquendo
Dist., Calbayog City 44. EV/21-Nov-05/Marivic Macawile/Member, Bayan
Muna, Kadamay 45. EV/21-Nov-05/Bernardo Lantajo 46. CL/12-Dec-05/Edwin
Nuqui/tricycle driver


Thank you.

Urgent Appeals Programme
Asian Human Rights Commission (ahrchk@ahrchk.org