Learn About The Middle East Initiative


Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani enclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast.

Turkey's Christian population constitutes less than one percent of the country's population. Through the American Board, Global Ministries personnel are active in ecumenical and Christian-Muslim relations in this largely secular country of nearly 70 million. Our principle partner is the Health and Education Foundation, which manages and supports three schools and a hospital historically related to the United Church of Christ. We also support an ecumenical refugee assistance program in Istanbul that arose after the first Gulf War.

Pray for: The ministry of Christians in Turkey, including Armenians, Greeks, and Turks.

Population (2014 est) – 81,619,392
Area – 486,900mi
Capital – Ankara

Ethnic Background

  • Turkish - 70-75% 
  • Kurdish - 18% 
  • Other - 7-12%

Exports - apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
Imports - machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment

Life Expectancy (2014 est) – M 71 years, F 75 years
Infant Mortality (2014 est) - 21.43 deaths/1,000 live births

Adult Illiteracy Rate – 5.9%




People in Mission