The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti.
The island of Hispaniola is the home of both the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Both countries have shared the struggles of poverty, military dictatorships, and hurricanes. They also share beautiful beaches and pleasant warm weather.
This island was one of the first conquered by the Europeans in the early 16th century. The indigenous population was wiped out and was replaced by African slaves. Now, opportunities are scarce and the economy is supported by money sent back to the island by those living in Puerto Rico or the United States. The economic measures established by the government have made life more difficult for the vast majority of the population which has taken to the street to demand justice.
Population (July 2014 est) – 10,349,741
Area – 30,240 miles
Capital – Santo Domingo
- White – 16%
- Mulatto & Mestizo – 73%
- Black – 11%
Exports - ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods
Imports - foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
Life Expectancy (2014 est) – M 76 years, F 80 years
Infant Mortality (2014 est) - 19.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Adult Illiteracy Rate (2011 est) – 9.9%