Haiti is located in the Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic.
Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. With 99 percent of the population of African descent, it has suffered military dictatorships and invasions since the declaration of independence during the 18th century.
In February of 2004, an armed rebellion forced the resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and a provisional government took control. René Préval, the current president, was elected in the Haitian general election in 2006.
Population (2014 est) – 9,996,731
Area – 27,750 miles
Capital – Port-Au-Prince
- White, Mulatto & Mestizo – 5%
- Black – 95%
Exports - apparel, manufactures, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee
Imports - food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials
Life Expectancy (2014 est) – M 62 years, F 65 years
Infant Mortality (2014 est) - 49.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Adult Illiteracy Rate (2006 est) – 51.3%